Current Research                                                                                                                                                        

We tend to think that perceptual experiences tell us about what the external world is like without being influenced by our own mind. However, recent empirical research indicates that that’s not true: our beliefs, expectations and other mental states can causally influence what we experience. My current project studies the epistemological implications of this phenomenon, which is called “cognitive penetration.” I think that some cognitive penetration drastically limits the evidential import of perceptual experiences. I am interested in explaining why that is the case and developing a view of when perceptual experiences are and are not evidentially valuable, drawing on current psychological research.

Future Research                                                                                                                                                            

In my future research, I would like to examine other instances where cognitive states influence our evidential sources. One potential instance is “constructive memory,” the effect that memory can incorporate contents other than the original input either before or at retrieval. Recent empirical work shows that the incorporated contents can come from our cognitive states. I am interested in whether imaginings are involved in these instances, in how cognitive penetration influences their evidential import, and in how the examination of these instances sheds light on the epistemology of perception.


Teng, L. (2018) "Is Phenomenal Force Sufficient for Immediate Perceptual Justification?" Synthese 195 (2): 637-656    Teng, L (2016) "Cognitive Penetration, Imagining, and the Downgrade Thesis," Philosophical Topics 44 (2): 405-426  

Works in Progress

"The Epistemic Insignificance of the Feeling of Presence"                                                                                  "Cognitive Penetration: Inferentialism vs. Fabricationism "